The Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering in the Division of Advanced Technology at ELTEC College of Engineering was selected for the “semiconductor track program” as part of the “2022 Collaborative Intra-government Expertise Cultivation Project,” which is jointly organized by the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy. The “semiconductor track program” is designed to develop advanced technologies and supply professionals required by industries, aiming to strengthen the national competitiveness of the semiconductor industry. With funding of KRW 900 million for the next three years, Ewha aims to lead the future semiconductor industry by newly-establishing two semiconductor design tracks, the SoC (System-on-Chip) track and the Circuit track, under the Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, in addition to producing more than 40 undergraduate students every year through specialized training programs in semiconductor design. To this end, Ewha plans to form a consortium with domestic semiconductor companies, including LX Semicon, SAPEON Korea, Telechips, Semi Five, VisioNexT, etc., and operate training courses that reflect various issues in the industry. Students from their junior year can complete the program by taking more than 21 credits in major foundation courses and major courses including four subjects designated by each track. For practical training, the program courses will utilize Electronic Design Automation (EDA) tools and intellectual properties (IP) that are actually used in the industry and provide special lectures on semiconductor design and others during vacation time to enhance the practical experience of students in the field. Professor Kim Ji-Hoon, the director of the program, remarked, “Since the semiconductor business is a major strategic industry for our country, it is crucial for Korea to extend its competitiveness from a focus on memory chips to various system semiconductors and strengthen competitiveness in ultra-fine processing. We will organize the program to reflect actual industry trends in our department’s outstanding curriculums, so we can provide students with a solid foundation in semiconductor design and various opportunities for practical training. In addition, we will continue to expand the consortium by attracting more companies and establish a council for academic-industry-research institute cooperation so as to respond promptly and effectively to the rapidly-changing semiconductor industry.” The Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering at Ewha Womans University leads new trends in electronic and electrical engineering by applying AI technology to core research fields, including network and communication systems, semiconductor devices and design, image and signal processing, and semiconductor control, following the advent of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. It is conducting cutting-edge research projects in electronic and electrical engineering based on artificial intelligence by collaborating with renowned companies, government agencies, and universities at home and abroad, thereby garnering recognition for its accomplishments from world-class academic societies and journals. Moreover, particularly in the semiconductor and circuit design fields, it is leading major research projects related to AI technology, participating in various development projects, including next-generation AI semiconductors, PIM (Processing-In-Memory) technology, and future semiconductor devices, and conducting main hardware design for AI systems including CPU and NPU.
Research Team from Department of Physics and Chemical Engineering and Materials Science at Ewha Suggests a Strategy ...Research Team from Department of Physics and Chemical Engineering and Materials Science at Ewha Suggests a Strategy to Enable Exciton Funneling and Boost Visible Light Emission in 2D Inorganic Semiconductors A joint research team at Ewha reports rapid transfer of photogenerated excitons and enhanced light emission from 2D inorganic semiconductors integrated with blue-fluorescent organic molecules. The results of the study, which highlights a strategy to develop a new type of optoelectronic devices, were published in the online edition of Advanced Science (IF: 16.806), a world-renowned academic journal within the top 4.4% in the field of materials science, on June 16 (Thu.). (from left) Prof. Youngmin You, Prof. Dong-Wook Kim, Dr. Soyeong Kwon The team led by Professors Dong-Wook Kim at the Department of Physics and Youngmin You at the Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science confirmed the enhancement of luminescence due to exciton transfers in heterostructure interfaces comprised of two-dimensional semiconductor transition metal dichalcogenides (TMD) and fluorescent organic molecules. Professor Kim fabricated heterostructures by stacking evaporated thin films of DY1 fluorescent molecules on TMD MoS2 monolayers. The DY1 fluorescent molecules used in the process were obtained by the team led by Prof. You during the team’s OLED development researches. Optical characterizations and probe-based surface charge distribution measurements revealed exciton transfer from DY1 molecules to the MoS2 monolayers, which led to 1.7-fold enhanced light emission from MoS2. It has been reported that charge transfer rather than exciton transfer is dominant at the interfaces of different TMD materials. This work successfully demonstrated exciton transfers in the hybrid heterostructures by stacking fluorescent organic molecules on TMDs. The team could also propose a way to identify the transfer process of charges and excitons, based on the complementary use of measuring optical properties and analyzing scanning probe microscopes. (Left) A schematic diagram to illustrate the transfer of excitons generated from DY1, a self-developed fluorescent organic molecule, to an adjacent two-dimensional semiconductor MoS2 monolayer. (Right) Enhanced light emission characteristics and extension of exciton lifetime of the DY1/MoS2 hybrid heterostructure (small figure). Dr. Soyeong Kwon at the Department of Physics remarked as the first author of the paper, “Given the various trials and errors as well as numerous difficulties that I went through while studying the novel research subject of organic and inorganic heterostructures over the last two years of my Ph.D. course, I feel an even deeper sense of satisfaction and fulfillment. I also hope that our findings will be followed by many follow-up studies.” The paper, titled “Exciton Transfer at Heterointerfaces of MoS2 Monolayers and Fluorescent Molecular Aggregates,” was conducted through collaborative research by the Department of Physics at Ewha (Professor Seokhyun Yoon and Taeyoung Choi), the Institute of Basic Science at Sungkyunkwan University (Professor Ji-Hee Kim and Ki Kang Kim), and the Department of Physics at Chungnam National University (Professor Ki-ju Yee), with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea and the Institute for Basic Science. Professors Dong-Wook Kim and Youngmin You, the corresponding authors of this paper, are supported by the Basic Research Laboratory grant.
ELTEC College of Engineering Selected as Nation’s First Specialized Graduate School for Convergence Analysis of...ELTEC College of Engineering Selected as Nation’s First Specialized Graduate School for Convergence Analysis of Meteorological and Climate Data The ELTEC College of Engineering was selected as the nation’s first specialized graduate school for the convergence analysis of meteorological and climate data. The program for the specialized graduate school for the convergence analysis of meteorological and climate data was newly introduced this year by the Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA) and the Korea Meteorological Institute (KMI) to foster talented youths with the capacity to lead emerging future industries based on meteorological big data analysis. With the gradual increase in damages from weather-related disasters caused by climate change, meteorological big data analysis and utilization skills and climate change response capabilities have become more important than ever as they can directly affect a country’s future competitiveness. In relation to this program, Ewha Womans University and the KMI have agreed to begin cooperating in fostering specialists in the field of meteorology and held an “MOU Signing Ceremony for the Specialized Graduate School Program for the Convergence Analysis of Meteorological and Climate Data” at the ECC on June 10 (Fri.). Following this selection, Ewha is expected to receive government grants and climate change response funds amounting to KRW 2.268 billion to operate the program over the next four years and seven months. Ewha will select scholarship recipients this fall semester among graduate students who are enrolled in courses related to convergence, analysis, and utilization of meteorological and climate data and participating in a university-industry cooperation program. Ewha is planning to recruit at least 15 students each year to join the master’s and doctoral program of the specialized graduate school for the convergence analysis of meteorological and climate data in addition to the track course program, and open the graduate school this September to train master’s and doctoral students to become experts in the convergence, analysis, and utilization of meteorological and climate data. Ewha will also offer various courses, such as weather forecasting using artificial intelligence, climate modeling, and data analysis for sustainable energy (e.g., CCUS, renewable energy, and hydrogen energy), and develop business internship programs at the school that will lead to full-time job opportunities. Furthermore, each year, Ewha will produce specialists who can consistently introduce innovations and advancements in meteorology as well as various fields of convergence studies and publish papers in international journals. Graduates of the specialized graduate school will gain in-depth knowledge that will allow them to immediately enter into various industries, including fields that require the convergence, analysis, and utilization of meteorological and climate data. The Department of Climate and Energy Systems Engineering has been rapidly growing while conducting a variety of studies and projects since its establishment in 2016, and has since become one of the most popular majors in Korea because of its future-oriented convergence education and research that contribute to solving complex issues, such as climate change response, energy, and environmental, social, and governance (ESG) management.
Research Outcome Produced by a Team Comprised of an Undergraduate Student from the Chemical Engineering and...Research Outcome Produced by a Team Comprised of an Undergraduate Student from the Chemical Engineering and Materials Science Major and Graduate Students Published in an SCI-grade Journal A phase transition in two-dimensional (2D) materials first identified using nano-radiation beams Excellent results of joint research alongside graduate student mentors produced through a practical class for undergraduate students (from left) Lee Ha Heun, Yim Eunji, Kang Seohui Senior student Yim Eunji from the Chemical Engineering and Materials Science major of the ELTEC College of Engineering and graduate students Lee Ha Heun and Kang Seohui (advisor: Prof. Suyeon Cho) from the System Health Convergence major, who were chosen for the fourth phase of the Brain Korea 21 (BK21) Project (Director: Prof. Oran Kwon), published the results of joint research on a phase transition in 2D materials using nano-radiation beams that was conducted with a team led by Dr. Chiang from the National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center (NSRRC) based in Taiwan. The outcome of this research, supported by the Overseas Large-scale Research Facility Utilization Support Project of the National Research Foundation, was published under the title of “Local phase transition at crack edges of Mo1-xWxTe2 polymorphs” in the online edition of Applied Surface Science (IF: 6.707, top 4.76 percent of JCR), an SCI-grade journal. A structural phase transition in 2D materials has attracted considerable attention in academia as it enables reversible conversion between semiconductors and conductors caused by the external environment. The research team from the Chemical Engineering and Materials Science major analyzed the nanoscale physical properties of a structural semiconductor-to-metal phase transition in a thin Mo1−xWxTe2 alloy sample with a thickness of several nanometers using nano X-ray diffraction and nano X-ray fluorescence with nano-radiation beams. As a result, the research team confirmed that, when a sample is synthesized in an alloyed form, the distribution of tungsten (W) becomes uneven at the critical point of a phase transition, and that the higher the tungsten content, the lower the amount of energy required for a phase transition. The research team identified the effects of substitutional elements in 2D materials on a structural phase transition therein. This is expected to further expand the applications of 2D materials used in a wide range of areas including energy conversion and optoelectronic devices. In particular, this research was developed into a thesis led by Lim Eunji alongside graduate student mentors Lee Ha Heun and Kang Seohui in a seasonal class named “Advanced Chemical Engineering and Materials Science Lab” conducted by the Chemical Engineering and Materials Science major. The class is a practical course in which students conduct self-directed research under the guidance of a professor in the laboratory of the full-time faculty member during a school vacation, and is continuously resulting in outstanding achievements such as allowing students to carry out self-directed research, give a presentation at an international conference and present a senior thesis.
Ewha’s Graduate Students Selected for the 2022 Global Core Talent Development Support Project Six master’s and doctoral students in the Department of Statistics and the Department of Pharmacy under the Graduate School at Ewha were selected for the “2022 Global Core Talent Development Support Project.” Selected by the Ministry of Science and ICT and organized by the Institute of Information & Communications Technology Planning & Evaluation (IITP), the project is aimed at developing human resources in ICT sectors, including artificial intelligence (AI), big data, cloud computing, blockchain and fintech, into top-level talents with global competency by dispatching them to prestigious universities and corporate research institutes located in the leading countries of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Ph.D. student Yu-jin Park and master’s students Ji-yeong Kang, Min-ju Shin, Chae-yeong Lee and Hae-in Jeon in the Department of Statistics, Ph.D. student Yoon Sanghee in the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences Ph.D. student Yu-jin Park and master’s students Ji-yeong Kang, Min-ju Shin, Chae-yeong Lee and Hae-in Jeon in the Department of Statistics will be dispatched to the University of Windsor, a public university located in Canada, and carry out research on the development of autonomous driving performance improvement algorithms using big data and AI. As visiting research students, the Department of Statistics team will be provided with an independent research space, state-of-the art research infrastructure and living expenses by the University of Windsor, and conduct the research with the aim of improving the road environment where connected autonomous vehicles and manually-driven non-autonomous vehicles coexist, under the guidance of Principal Investigators Professors Kyongwon Kim and Jae Keun Yoo. Professor Kyongwon Kim commented, “This research is also significant in that it aims to surpass the face value of its application aspects and develop an entirely new statistical methodology by applying a new big data analysis methodology called functional data analysis to self-driving data,” and added, “The research is expected to generate the public benefit of preventing traffic accidents and traffic congestions with the development of a driving behavior prediction model, and contribute to the transition from the era of human-driven non-autonomous vehicles to the era of autonomous vehicles in the long run.” Yoon Sanghee, a Ph.D. student in the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, was selected for a global business-linked project and will be dispatched as an intern to Microsoft Research Asia (MSRA) based in Beijing, China, to perform a joint research collaboration project on new drug development using AI. The “Global AI Drug Discovery Center” under the College of Pharmacy at Ewha is undertaking a joint research cooperation project alongside MSRA, which possesses top global-level competency in AI technology, for the first time in the field of pharmacy in Korea. Yoon is conducting deep learning research on structure-based drug design in consideration of the flexibility of protein-ligand interactions under the guidance of Principal Investigator and Professor Sun Choi, and will receive joint guidance from AI experts and carry out the joint research project under close cooperation between Ewha and MSRA during her six-month internship at MSRA. Professor Sun Choi commented, “This project is an excellent opportunity to conduct global industry-academia cooperation and talent training in concert with Microsoft, which has one of the world’s best AI technology capabilities,” and added, “I will endeavor to the best of my ability to help both institutions to work in synergy and produce an outstanding outcome in terms of leading global research on AI-based drug discovery.” Centered around its graduate schools, Ewha is stepping up its efforts to foster female professionals to lead the era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, including expanding scholarships, such as Ewha Research Excellence and Outstanding Ewha Scientists, and reorganizing the support system for excellent graduate students to be able to focus solely on studying and research.
Ewha’s Research Labs at the Division of Brain & Cognitive Sciences Selected for the 2022 Brain Function Study...Ewha’s Research Labs at the Division of Brain & Cognitive Sciences Selected for the 2022 Brain Function Study and Utility Technology Development Project Two research teams at the Division of Brain & Cognitive Sciences in Scranton College, Ewha Womans University were selected for the “2022 Brain Function Identification and Regulation Technology Development Project” promoted by the Ministry of Science and ICT as part of its bio-medical technology development projects. Ewha Womans University opened the Department of Brain & Cognitive Sciences as a graduate course in 2009 and the Ewha Brain Institute in 2013, and established the Brain & Cognitive Sciences major as an undergraduate course and the first of its kind in Korea, thereby leading a new chapter in the field of brain science in a groundbreaking and creative manner in Korea. This selection once again proved the superiority of Ewha’s research activity. Professor Pyung Lim Han Professor Pyung Lim Han’s team was selected for the project, “Molecular mechanisms for differential sensitivity to stress-induced depressive behavior and antidepressant action” and will subsequently receive KRW 1.65 billion in funding for the next three years The research team expects this research to identify the reason behind the vulnerability of the female brain to stress and depression and to enhance the understanding of gender differences in stress hormones and antidepressants such as imipramine, fluoxetine and metformin. In addition, this research is also expected to provide important clues into the growing susceptibility of women’s brains to other diseases such as Alzheimer’s. Principal Investigator and Professor Pyung Lim Han remarked, “Through this research, we are expected to gain the technological competitiveness to gain an insight into brain function by discovering biomarkers such as gender-specific genes expressed in depressives and insomniacs and proposing individualized and gender-specific treatments, which will be used for patient-tailored diagnosis and treatment intensity depression.” Professor Jeiwon Cho Professor Jeiwon Cho’s team was also selected for the “Brain Function Identification and Regulation Technology Development Project” and will conduct a task titled “Development of novel brain stimulation technology for cognitive enhancement utilizing radiofrequency amplifying nanoparticles and neural markers of cognition-augmented animal models" With the advent of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, the importance of developing human augmentation technologies is growing, but the development of technologies to substantially augment cognitive functions remains limited. Professor Jeiwon Cho’s team will receive KRW 1.65 billion for the next three years and conduct multidisciplinary and convergent research across brain & cognitive sciences, nanoengineering and electromagnetic engineering to develop a novel scientific evidence (neural marker)-based neuromodulation techniques for cognitive augmentation. The proposed noninvasive/minimally invasive brain stimulation technique. Professor Jeiwon Cho remarked, “With the development of technologies for human cognitive argumentation, it may be possible to prepare for the era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and create a new market by building an ecosystem for the human augmentation industry based on brain function regulation technology.”
Ewha Selected for the “2022 Artificial Intelligence Convergence and Innovation Talent Nurturing Project”Ewha Selected for the “2022 Artificial Intelligence Convergence and Innovation Talent Nurturing Project” Ewha Womans University was selected for the “2022 Artificial Intelligence Convergence and Innovation Talent Nurturing Project” overseen by the Ministry of Science and ICT. As a result, Ewha will be funded with a total of about KRW 5 billion for the next four years, gathering momentum to foster artificial intelligence (AI) convergence talents and enhance research capabilities. (Right) Professor Byoungju Choi With this selection, Ewha will newly establish the “Artificial Intelligence Convergence major” within the Division of Artificial Intelligence and Software, the Graduate School, and recruit new students from the second semester of the 2022 academic year. The “Artificial Intelligence Convergence major” aims to foster talents who can converge AI, a key technology in the era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, with various domains, and to secure AI convergence research capabilities. A total of 28 faculty members from the Artificial Intelligence, Computer Science & Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Cyber Security, Mechanical & Biomedical Engineering, Medicine, Business Administration, Food Science & Biotechnology and Statistics majors, as well as a total of 34 companies consisting of 31 domestic and three overseas companies, along with Ewha Womans University Medical Center will participate in the education and research pertaining to the project. The Artificial Intelligence Convergence major will nurture field-specific talents with master’s and doctoral degrees in the two specialized fields of “AI-medicine/bio” and “AI convergence-based technology” with the view of fostering field-specific AI convergence talents that meet industry needs, and carry out 10 or more projects through industry-academia cooperation with companies for the next four years. Students will be provided with a specialized curriculum addressing the basics of AI technology, an AI convergence course, and in particular, project-oriented, on-the-job AI training jointly developed with businesses. The curriculum intends to provide core AI education and multidisciplinary convergence capabilities not only for students majoring in Computer Science & Engineering but also for other students with computer skills in various fields including engineering, medicine, business administration, life sciences, statistics, mathematics and humanities. These talents will advance into the field of AI-medicine/bio, such as AI-based precision medical platforms, digital healthcare and robotics-extended reality (XR) combination medical devices, and the field of AI convergence-based technology such as AI security, multimodal AI and AI systems. Ewha newly established the Artificial Intelligence major in the Division of AI Convergence this year and plans to additionally establish the Department of Data Science and the College of Artificial Intelligence next year, thereby presenting its vision for AI convergence talent development and convergence research. President Eun Mee Kim commented, “Women’s participation in AI R&D and applied areas is very important in a situation where there is a severe shortage of female AI developers that meet industry needs and a growing awareness of biases in data and thinking in the field,” and added, “With the Artificial Intelligence Convergence major at the forefront, Ewha will endeavor to become a focal point for expanding new AI convergence research and fostering outstanding talents in response to a wide range of academic disciplines and practical industry needs.” Principal Investigator and Professor Byoungju Choi of the Computer Science & Engineering major remarked, “The Artificial Intelligence Convergence major holds great significance in that it presents a foundation for non-computer majors to access AI convergence programs,” and added, “I think that this project will contribute to narrowing the gap between talents needed by industries and talents produced by academia.”
Ewha Ranks First among Korean Universities for Gender Equality in the “THE World University Rankings”...Ewha Ranks First among Korean Universities for Gender Equality in the “THE World University Rankings” for Three Consecutive Years Ewha ranked first among Korean universities for three consecutive years in the “Gender Equality” category of the “THE World University Rankings” published by the Times Higher Education (THE), a British publication of world university rankings. The school also ranked third in Korea for “No Poverty” and “Good Health and Well-Being,” thereby demonstrating Ewha’s role as an education platform that contributes to a sustainable society. The THE World University Rankings, which are considered to be among the world’s top three university rankings alongside the QS World University Rankings and the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), launched the THE Impact Rankings in 2019. The Impact Rankings assess the efforts made by universities toward the 17 UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), with the social responsibilities of universities comprising key evaluation criteria. As Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) performance is becoming a salient topic around the world, the THE Impact Rankings are gaining attention as the first evaluation in the world to assess universities’ contribution to sustainable global development in areas such as climate change, gender equality, and humanity’s sustainable growth and well-being. Ewha has cemented its place as a leading institution of female education by participating in the world university impact rankings this year as well as last year and retaining the first place among Korean universities for gender equality for three consecutive years. The “Gender Equality” category assesses the outcomes of research on gender equality, the ratio of female executives and the anti-discrimination policy as a measure to understand universities’ social responsibility for achieving a gender-equal society. Since its foundation in 1886 as Korea’s first modern education institution for women, the school has grown into a world-class female university with approximately 25,000 students and about 1,000 faculty members, and contributed to gender equality by nurturing talented women. Moreover, Ewha received an excellent evaluation in the “Outreach” area for financial and academic support for low-income students and poverty alleviation, ranked 57th globally and third in Korea in the “No Poverty” category, and third in Korea in “Good Health and Well-Being.” The excellent grades in the THE World University Impact Rankings demonstrate that Ewha, beyond solely focusing on high-quality research and education, has made comprehensive efforts to better humanity and create a sustainable future for the world to fulfill its social responsibilities as an institution of higher education. Under the vision of “A Creative and Innovative Platform Leading to a Sustainable Society,” Ewha will continue to devote itself toward realizing its spirit of service and sharing through not only extraordinary research achievements but also its social contributions toward gender equality, the welfare of low-income students, job creation and global partnerships.
Professor Sang Won Kang Attracts an Investment of KRW 18 Billion Following the Development of a New Drug...Professor Sang Won Kang Attracts an Investment of KRW 18 Billion Following the Development of a New Drug to Treat Vascular Diseases Faculty start-up company “Vasthera” attracted an additional investment of KRW 18 billion, two years after receiving KRW 5.5 billion in investment following the development of a new drug to treat vascular diseases. “Vasthera” is a biotechnology company that aims to develop first-in-class new drugs for cardiovascular diseases and cancers. It was established in February 2018 as an Ewha faculty start-up company, as Professor Sang Won Kang of the Department of Life Sciences transferred a patent based on the results of research on redox signaling in the field of therapeutics for vascular diseases and cancers. Vasthera attracted an investment worth KRW 18 billion in late February 2021. Existing investors ID Ventures, SJ Investment Partners and Medytox Venture Investment also chose to participate in the follow-up investment, while UTC Investment, Medici Investment, Shinhan Venture Investment, Partners Investment and HG Initiative/Daesung Venture Capital joined the venture as new investors. This marks a significant achievement two years after the attraction of the initial investment worth KRW 5.5 billion, thereby reaching a cumulative investment of KRW 23.2 billion so far. With this new investment, Vasthera has gained a foothold for conducting a clinical trial on new drug candidates for pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) and a pre-clinical study on triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). The research team led by Professor Sang Won Kang had previously identified the role of redox signaling in certain diseases and conducted research on the potential of targeted therapeutics. The research team examined peroxiredoxin-2, an essential antioxidant enzyme, as a targeted drug for redox signaling. The team had already published the study outcome that peroxiredoxin-2 regulated platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) signaling and vascular remodeling in Nature in 2005, and had since published study results that a peroxiredoxin-2 activity mimetic could normalize vascular function in academic journals in 2011 and 2013. Professor Sang Won Kang explained, “Redox signaling is a new mechanism that proves the fact that reactive oxygen species (ROS) are by-products of normal cell activity, which is a relatively less well-understood mechanism that was only discovered around 20 years ago,” and added, “As a leading company in developing new drugs targeting signaling pathways, Vasthera found that the loss of function in enzymes related to redox signaling may cause vascular diseases and cancers, and that the recovery of the lost function can be a treatment option.” The research team discovered a substance that accurately imitates peroxiredoxin-2 activity among natural substances and succeeded in developing a new drug named VTA-04, which newly synthesizes the component responsible for activity. The first target disease to be treated by VTA-04 was determined as PAH, a rare vascular disease, and the targets are expanding to cancers and brain disorders. The therapeutic developed through this study is different from existing therapeutics in that it was developed to target blood vessels from the beginning. The team will complete the development of the dosage form of the new PAH drug VTA-04 for clinical use within the first half of this year, and plans to expand the treatment targets to TNBC among malignant tumors, brain disorders and more in the future.
Undergraduate Students from the Department of Computer Science and Engineering Publish a Research Paper in an SCI...Undergraduate Students from the Department of Computer Science and Engineering Publish a Research Paper in an SCI-grade Journal Su-ji Yoon and Hee-jin Park Su-ji Yoon and Hee-jin Park, undergraduate students of the ELTEC College of Engineering majoring in Computer Science and Engineering in the incoming class of 2019, conducted research on drastically reducing DRAM memory consumption in IoT (Internet-of-Things) systems, and published the paper as co-first authors in IEEE Access, a major open access journal of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Computer Society. As the size of data in IoT environments has rapidly increased in recent years, DRAM usage is also increasing alongside a subsequent leap in battery consumption. Real-time systems such as IoT systems are “mission-critical” systems in which it is essential to complete tasks within a fixed time without fail. Since all tasks in such systems reside on the memory, such systems face the problem of high memory consumption because they are unable to use the swapping method to temporarily retain tasks in storage as with general-purpose computer systems. The undergraduate research team optimized the swap ratio for each task and reduced DRAM usage by 34 percent by employing evolutionary computation, a kind of artificial intelligence (AI) technology. In addition, the team succeeded in saving battery consumption by 31 percent through the combination of memory-swapping technology and CPU voltage scaling technology. While these power-saving technologies generally have the side effect of slowing down task execution, the research team achieved an optimal outcome that met the deadline for all tasks and maximize the power-saving effect through the accurate modeling of the worst-case execution time. The pertinent research paper, titled “Supporting Swap in Real-Time Task Scheduling for Unified Power-Saving in CPU and Memory,” is the outcome of joint research by the two undergraduates with Research Professor Kyungwoon Cho (third author) and Professor Hyokyung Bahn (corresponding author) during their research internship period for undergraduate students at the Embedded Software Research Center, which marks a meaningful demonstration of the outstanding capabilities of Ewha undergraduates in the Computer Science and Engineering major. The Department of Computer Science and Engineering helps undergraduates to foster their research capabilities by participating in wide-ranging academic research activities through a research internship program and achieve academic accomplishments. Su-ji Yoon and Hee-jin Park, the co-first authors, expressed their feelings about participating in the program, commenting, “We believe we were able to produce positive results in a short period of time by building upon open-source code at the research center, rather than writing the source code required for our experiments from scratch.” Professor Hyokyung Bahn, who supervised the research as a corresponding author, remarked, “As recent studies in computer science have been conducted using open-source software, the source code for such studies are being made available to the public, rather than only publishing their outcomes in academic papers. This is increasingly cutting down on the time required for creative undergraduate students to produce new results based on existing studies,” and added, “The research outcome of these students was also published in open source, which I hope will challenge other students to achieve even better research outcomes.”